If you took sex ed at school, you probably learned all about pregnancy and STIs , and how to avoid them with safe sex practices , but there's a pretty good chance that your teacher never once uttered the word "orgasm" at any point throughout the semester. When you think about it, that's pretty weird, considering it's a natural biological function, and sexual pleasure is a perfectly normal, healthy part of life. So let's actually talk about orgasms for a sec. An orgasm is what happens when a person reaches the height of sexual excitement. The moment comes with feelings of pleasure and muscle contractions in the genitals. For some people, this is also the moment when they ejaculate, but vaginal orgasms are a thing too! And they're So, since sex-ed teachers aren't doing it, we're answering your most pressing questions about the biological reaction so you can feel more comfortable with your body and the sexual pleasure you deserve.
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The orgasm is widely regarded as the peak of sexual excitement. It is a powerful feeling of physical pleasure and sensation, which includes a discharge of accumulated erotic tension. Overall though, not a great deal is known about the orgasm, and over the past century, theories about the orgasm and its nature have shifted dramatically. For instance, healthcare experts have only relatively recently come round to the idea of the female orgasm, with many doctors as recently as the s claiming that it was normal for women not to experience them. In this article, we will explain what an orgasm is in men and women, why it happens, and explain some common misconceptions. Orgasms can be defined in different ways using different criteria. Medical professionals have used physiological changes to the body as a basis for a definition, whereas psychologists and mental health professionals have used emotional and cognitive changes. A single, overarching explanation of the orgasm does not currently exist. The spirit of this work was taken forward by William H. Masters and Virginia Johnson in their work, Human Sexual Response — a real-time observational study of the physiological effects of various sexual acts.
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They are often associated with other involuntary actions, including muscular spasms in multiple areas of the body, a general euphoric sensation and, frequently, body movements and vocalizations. Human orgasms usually result from physical sexual stimulation of the penis in males typically accompanying ejaculation and of the clitoris in females. The health effects surrounding the human orgasm are diverse. There are many physiological responses during sexual activity, including a relaxed state created by prolactin, as well as changes in the central nervous system such as a temporary decrease in the metabolic activity of large parts of the cerebral cortex while there is no change or increased metabolic activity in the limbic i. In a clinical context, orgasm is usually defined strictly by the muscular contractions involved during sexual activity, along with the characteristic patterns of change in heart rate, blood pressure, and often respiration rate and depth. There is some debate whether certain types of sexual sensations should be accurately classified as orgasms, including female orgasms caused by G-spot stimulation alone, and the demonstration of extended or continuous orgasms lasting several minutes or even an hour. However, the sensations in both sexes are extremely pleasurable and are often felt throughout the body, causing a mental state that is often described as transcendental, and with vasocongestion and associated pleasure comparable to that of a full-contractionary orgasm. For example, modern findings support distinction between ejaculation and male orgasm. Orgasms can be achieved during a variety of activities, including vaginal , anal or oral sex , non-penetrative sex or masturbation.
It could be clitoral, vaginal, even cervical — or a mix of all three. Direct or indirect stimulation of the clitoris can lead to a clitoral orgasm. Your fingers, palm, or a small vibrator can all help you have a clitoral orgasm. When you feel your pleasure intensify, apply even more pressure to the motion to take yourself over the edge. Although few people are able to climax with vaginal stimulation alone, it sure can be fun trying! Older research suggests that stimulating the A-spot can result in intense lubrication and even orgasm.